Minority Stress Model
Ilan H. Meyer
Every human faces stress, but minorities face chronic stress that is additional to the stress experienced by non-minority peoples. There can be many intersections of identity that can make one more susceptible to minority stress. This chronic stress is a product of attitudes, values and belief systems that exist in society, culture, religion, families, communities and systems. Minorities face additional discrimination, marginalization, oppression, harassment and invisibility. The stress and invalidation of this has a profound impact on well-being and identity. Being in a world of negative attitudes can lead to internalized stigma, shame, self-loathing and hiding of our true identity, which limits our potential to live the most authentic life possible.